Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is limited on the north-west, north and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a space of 27,925 square miles. The province of Sierra Leone began in the deal and cession in 1787 by local bosses to English pilgrims of a land parcel expected as a permanent spot for African pioneers who were starving strays in London and later it was utilized as a settlement for liberated African slaves. The hinterland was announced a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone accomplished autonomy on 27th April, 1961 and turned into a Republic in 1971. Training is given by both private and state-supported schools. The current arrangement of training is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Primary school, three years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/advanced education. This framework is supplemented by non-formal instruction university


Training is oftentimes utilized in the feeling of guidance in the homeroom, research center, workshop or homegrown science room and comprises basically in the bestowing by the instructor, and the procurement by understudies, of data and mental just as manual abilities. A more extensive importance than guidance is that of tutoring. In other words all that goes on inside the school as a feature of the student’s life there. It incorporates, in addition to other things, connection among understudies and educators, students and students both in and outside the school. J. S. Factory (1931) thought that whatever assists with molding the person; to cause the individual what he to is or frustrate him from being what he isn’t is important for his schooling. Verifiably schooling is deep rooted and universal; it is the aggregate of all impacts which go to make an individual what he is, from birth to death. It incorporates the home, our neighbors, and the road among others.

Schooling is somewhat a conscious arranged cycle contrived and directed by the instructor with the motivation behind pervading the student with certain data, abilities, of psyche and body just as methods of conduct thought about attractive. To a limited extent it is the student’s own reaction to the climate where he resides. Instruction has three central focuses: the individual/individual upon whom the instructor’s persuasions are brought to bear; the general public or local area to which he has a place; and the entire setting of reality inside which the individual and society have their impact. Man is a social animal; he develops as an individual through the effect of character on character; and in any event, for his fundamental actual requirements he relies upon the assistance and participation of his kindred people. Without society and the common help and advancement of encounters which it gives civilization is incomprehensible and the existence of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “single, poor, dreadful, brutish and short.”

One of the principal realities of human life is the pressure between the draw of the past and the forward ask into the future, among soundness and change, custom and advancement. For powerful living,man needs a circle of safety, a space of set up propensities and relationship which structures reliable connections. This is additionally valid for society. For its viable working there should be a hidden congruity of customs and standpoint which protects its way of life as a general public and shields it against the troublesome impacts of progress. Change should be forever and not static but rather this adjustment of turn should be constrained by the essential practices of society. It is custom which gives a country its character and peculiarity as a general public. The preservation of custom in this way is clearly pivotal.

It has been perceived from days of yore that the protection of conventional instruction has an imperative part to play in the advancement of the youngster. The offspring of today are the grown-ups of tomorrow; they should be prepared subsequently, to acquire and propagate the convictions and methods of life exceptional to the specific culture to which they have a place. For each general public wants to protect itself genuinely as well as local area intentionally sharing certain points, beliefs and examples of conduct. This kind of training isn’t really formal in schools through study hall guidance yet that affected in a roundabout way through the family and through the effect on the person of social impacts and customs which the youngster can’t avoid. In Sierra Leone this social training included elaborate services of commencement including accomplishments of perseverance in which young fellows and ladies should substantiate themselves deserving of the local area. A definitive objective was to deliver a person who was straightforward, conscious, gifted, agreeable, and who could adjust to the social thing to get done. As Aristotle once expressed “the constitution of a state will endure if instruction is dismissed. The residents of a state ought to consistently be instructed to suit the constitution of the state. The kind of character fitting to a constitution is the force which keeps on supporting it as it is likewise the state power which initially made it” (p. I).